The Fundamentals For Good Photography

We have all heard it said that a picture is work a thousand words, and that is true, especially for those images that just wow us. In this day and age there are multiple people with multiple versions of what a good picture is, and with software applications like Instagram, the ‘like’ game is truly hard-core. However, one should realize it’s not about how many likes you get on social media; it should be about the quality of your photography. Anyone can take a picture and edit it, but the quality photo stands alone because post-processing a picture should always enhance your image, not stand alone. The enhancement should bring a “wow!” factor to the image, and not a “wow, that’s fake” factor.

By fake, I mean fake! Like the Instagram model who’s photo is so overly processed that there’s beyond noticeable noise in the image, but yet he/she (must likely she) has well over 200 likes. Now, why is that? Because the wow factor is there with the editing, not necessarily the picture. When taking quality images, you need to consider a few variables. Basic things like composition, filling the frame of the camera, lighting, symmetry, etc.

1. Filling the Frame

Always a valid practice in any genre and niche (subgenre) of photography. This means taking your subject you want to capture, a beautiful rose or a majestic mountain, and filling it in the camera’s focus. A lot of people use their display screen on their cameras instead of the viewfinder. That’s all well and good, but the viewfinder is better at this because it gives you a great depth of field than that of your display screen. By making your object of interest take up the frame, it’s much easier to get a good quality shot. This is more important in portraiture than in an urban or nature environment, where the background is just as important as the subject is.

2. Edging

Be careful not to mutilate your photo by missing the edges. Cutting off parts of the subject make the picture appear clumsily displayed and awkward

3. Rule of Thirds

I’ve spoken a few times about the Rule of Thirds, but haven’t gone into details. The Rule of Thirds is a simplistic approach to framing and sizing the subject in the camera’s viewfinder. It’s a mental approach. Basically, once you have figured out the lighting, competition, lines, and placement, you make a mental note of your scene and divide it horizontally and vertically by equal three’s. This will give you a tic-tac-toe appearance in which you could accurately frame your image. Make that image your own! Don’t let other’s tell you how to frame the picture because as long as you follow the Rule of Thirds, your image will turn out fine.

4. Lines And Backgrounds

Basically, know your background. Areas of bright light, overexposed nonsense, clutter, just too much going on will draw attention away from your subject. It’s difficult to do this but the best way I know of is watch your exposure, and limit your unsightly objects. Shoot in the raw to create a flat photo. That way, when you edit, there’s nothing going on. Your eyes are drawn to lines so be observant on lines, and make them work for you. For example, focus your object in a manner that draws in your eyes by following lines.

5. Symmetry And Depth

Look out for a pattern. An example is still water reflecting back a forest, or a pasture, or a building. The patterns add a flavor and intrigue into your photo. A good tip is to shoot from the end of your photo, an example, follow that tree’s reflection on the water, and try to break the pattern. Depth can be created by making sure you have something in the foreground to add the perspective that can be lacking in photos.

Remember, this is a good fundemental starting pack and with practice anyone can improve skills. The best trick to have is have that eye for the right one, and follow the weather.

God bless,


Reference Article: E Photo Zone-

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